ex. Game, Music, Video, Photography

Vietnam, US begin Agent Orange cleanup at former wartime air base

Bien Hoa Airport is the largest remaining dioxin hotspot in Vietnam.

Ngày đăng: 16 tháng 9, 2021
Cập nhật: 22 tháng 12, 2022
Lượt xem: 319966615
Nguồn: vnexpress

Vietnam and the U.S. have kickstarted the process of cleaning up the dioxin around Bien Hoa Airport, a heavily contaminated zone just outside Ho Chi Minh City.

The process formally began on Tuesday with the signing of a Memorandum of Intent between the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Military Science Department under Vietnam's Ministry of Defense.

USAID will be working with the Vietnamese ministry to first design a remediation program before implementing it over the next few years.

The signing ceremony for the Memorandum of Intent between the Military Science Department under Vietnam's Ministry of Defense and USAID on January 23, 2018. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Embassy in Hanoi.

“The only way to begin a long journey is to take the first step. The Memorandum of Intent is that first step, and the journey begins today," said U.S. Ambassador to Vietnam Daniel J. Kritenbrink, who witnessed the signing together with Senior Lieutenant General Nguyen Chi Vinh, Vietnam's Deputy Minister of Defense.

"The United States looks forward to working with the Ministry of National Defense on this important initiative, deepening our partnership further, and building a prosperous future for both our countries.”

The campaign to decontaminate Bien Hoa is part of the two countries' cooperation that started in 2000 to resolve humanitarian and wartime legacies while continuing to strengthen their economic, cultural and security ties.

It will also be the second time the U.S. has been directly involved in a dioxin cleanup effort in Vietnam, following USAID and the defense ministry's $110 million campaign that took five years to clean dioxin-contaminated soil at Da Nang International Airport, which started in 2012.

Bien Hoa is the largest remaining dioxin hotspot in Vietnam. Studies have found that more than 500,000 cubic meters of land at the airport, which Vietnam uses for military purposes, needs treating.

Officials from Office 33, the national agency tasked with handling the consequences of toxic chemicals used by the U.S. during the Vietnam War, said at a meeting in 2012 that some spots at the airport had the highest levels of dioxin contamination in the world, at 1.18 million parts per trillion (ppt). Dioxin concentration at the air base ranges from 1,000ppt upwards, while 100ppt is considered high.

Vietnam's government first launched a VND270 billion ($11.88 million) program to facilitate a massive dioxin cleanup campaign at the airport last September. The U.S. then announced its commitment to the dioxin remediation efforts at the area in anticipation of President Donald Trump’s state visit to Vietnam in November.

Between 1961 and 1971, the U.S. Army sprayed some 80 million liters of Agent Orange over 78,000 square kilometers (30,000 square miles) of southern Vietnam.

Dioxin, a highly toxic chemical contained in the defoliant, stays in the soil and at the bottom of lakes and rivers for generations. It can enter the food chain through meat, fish and other animals, and has been found at alarmingly high levels in human breast milk.

Between 2.1 to 4.8 million Vietnamese were directly exposed to Agent Orange and other chemicals that have been linked to cancers, birth defects and other chronic diseases before the war ended in April 1975, according to the Vietnam Red Cross.


Từ vựng liên quan

Tin tức liên quan

Ha Long Bay named in top ten Asian heritage sites
travel-life 13/09/2021

Ha Long Bay named in top ten Asian heritage sites

travel-life | 306636623

The 'Descending Dragon' has landed on a list of the must-see places in Asia.

Myanmar bans lucrative logging in bid to preserve forests
world 17/09/2021

Myanmar bans lucrative logging in bid to preserve forests

southeast-asia | 322296618

Myanmar has banned lucrative logging operations as the newly-elected government of democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi steps up a battle on deforestation, an environment official said on Thursday.

Vietnam to claw in $3 mln from shrimp exports this year: Agriculture Ministry
business 13/09/2021

Vietnam to claw in $3 mln from shrimp exports this year: Agriculture Ministry

business | 307866608

Despite prolonged drought and saltwater intrusion, the shrimp industry has managed to stay afloat.

Steel project waits for Chinese contractor after four-year delay
business 13/09/2021

Steel project waits for Chinese contractor after four-year delay

business | 308136598

A project to expand production at a key steel producer came to a halt after the Chinese contractor withdrew four years ago, and discussions to get it back on track remain ongoing.

Vietnam lose 0-2 to Saudi Arabia in U23 Asian Cup quarterfinals
football 13/12/2022

Vietnam lose 0-2 to Saudi Arabia in U23 Asian Cup quarterfinals

football | 440106600

Vietnam petitions US to re-evaluate catfish import restrictions
business 16/09/2021

Vietnam petitions US to re-evaluate catfish import restrictions

business | 320226613

Record anti-dumping duties pose a threat to local pangasius exporters.

US says will be consequences for China
news 09/09/2021

US says will be consequences for China's militarization in disputed waters

news | 274686606

U.S. intelligence had seen signs that China had moved weapons systems to the Spratly Islands.

Hanoi air pollution goes from very bad to much worse
news 13/09/2021

Hanoi air pollution goes from very bad to much worse

news | 306066620

The air pollution index soared to stratospheric levels in Hanoi on Monday and photos captured the smog that has blanketed the capital city.

Decade-long family feud ends in bitter property lawsuit
life 14/09/2021

Decade-long family feud ends in bitter property lawsuit

life | 309866607

A 72 year old Vietnamese-French woman had planned a happy retirement with her husband, but her careful planning turned into a nightmare and a prolonged property dispute with her niece in Ho Chi Minh City.

Dutch club fans don’t favor extension of Vietnamese defender
sports 14/09/2021

Dutch club fans don’t favor extension of Vietnamese defender's contract

football | 310146608

Most SC Heerenveen fans don’t want to keep Vietnamese defender Doan Van Hau with the Dutch club next season, a poll has found.

Chủ đề liên quan

Link Tài Trợ - Sponsored Links

Công Thức Vật Lý
Loading…