Advertisement
ex. Game, Music, Video, Photography

Hanoi fire re-exposes major risk management shortcomings in Vietnam

Near Bien Hoa airport, I've met citizens anguished that they were not informed of dioxin dangers at the most contaminated spot in the world for 40 years.

Ngày đăng: 20 tháng 3, 2021
Cập nhật: 30 tháng 11, 2021
Lượt xem: 17093001
Nguồn: vnexpress

Advertisement
Near Bien Hoa airport, I've met citizens anguished that they were not informed of dioxin dangers at the most contaminated spot in the world for 40 years.

Near Bien Hoa airport, I've met citizens anguished that they were not informed of dioxin dangers at the most contaminated spot in the world for 40 years.

Tran Thi Tuyet Hanh

Tran Thi Tuyet Hanh

Residents in the vicinity of the southern airport were not told what dioxin was, where it was located in the neighborhood and what they were supposed to do about it.

The Bien Hoa airport was where the U.NS.the military stored Agent Orange containing the deadly chemical dioxin, a defoliant they used during the Vietnam War.This airport is considered the most dioxin-contaminated point in the country and the world.

A resident here can be exposed to about 60.4 and 102.8 picogam (pg) of dioxin per kilogram of body weight per day if they consumed agricultural products grown in and around the airport.The WHO acceptable daily intake is 1-4pg per kg.

When I joined a program to help reduce the health-threatening impact of dioxins on food there in 2007, the reality shocked me.

By that time, many domestic and international studies have confirmed that Bien Hoa airport is a hot area contaminated with dioxin.However, when we randomly interviewed 400 locals, very few of them knew they were living in a contaminated area, and most of them didn't even know what dioxin was.

They also have absolutely no idea where it is in their surroundings, how the poison enters the human body, how it affects their health, or how to avoid its effects.They only show concern when they hear that someone has cancer, or a child has a birth defect.I once visited a family where five out of six children were born with birth defects.

After several media campaigns promoting dioxin exposure prevention, many local people expressed their gratitude.On the other hand, there were the elders who were appalled.

"Why is it that for more than 40 years, no one said anything to us?"

That question by a local man still haunts me.

He said his family has never been given any information, warnings or instructions by the authorities.They have unknowingly moved on with their lives for decades.He said many people still raise their livestock and eat and sell crabs, snails, and fish that they find in the contaminated area.

Then I realized that there was a huge gap in Vietnam's environmental health management.In developed countries, authorities and experts are responsible for assessing the impact of environmental, biological and physical risks on public health so that they can be well communicated and managed. risk.

Environmental health officers are stationed from central to local councils.

In Vietnam, this profession is still very new.

The bad becomes worse

In the case of Hanoi light bulb warehouse fire last week, the authorities have issued inconsistent statements regarding mercury leak from the incident.What they should be doing is assessing and reporting health and environmental risks in a timely manner to protect residents.

Hoang Van Thuc, Deputy Director of Vietnam Environment Administration of Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment wears a gas mask at Rang Dong lightbulb warehouse on August 31, 2019, three days after the fire.Photo: VnExpress / Gia Chinh.

An environment official wears a face mask as he visits the burned Rang Dong light bulb warehouse in Hanoi, August 31, 2019.Photo: VnExpress / Gia Chinh.

On August 29, the Ha Dinh Ward People’s Committee issued a food contamination risk warning. However, the notice was retracted the next day because it was issued "without rightful authorization" and there was "insufficient evidence to support it."

Several announcements regarding the risk of the fire followed, but none of them addressed some core public concerns.

Contrast this with what happens in other countries.Take Australia as an example.If there is a fire at a plant, an environmental health professional will quickly assess the risk.He/she/they will test, for example, what materials, products, chemicals were in the plant before and after the fire, weather conditions including rainfall, temperature, humidity during and after the fire. fire, how dangerous chemicals are likely to spread, and the extent of their effects.

They will also consider the location of the plant and its distance from nearby residential areas.The characteristics of the surrounding population as well as the total number of workers - will be taken into account to provide an accurate estimate of the number of affected individuals and those at high risk.The specialist will also quickly assess the quality of the environment and record any initial acute symptoms.

Although it is not possible to assess the full risk initially, this preliminary information, combined with professional experience, allows immediate initial recommendations to be made to prevent exposure and reduce risk. and impact.

Scientific, accurate information is then conveyed in a professional and easy-to-understand manner.Spokespersons need to be open and honest about the uncertainties involved.This is very important to the public when an emergency occurs.

A non-negotiable principle in this work is that in the absence of an adequate risk assessment, no firm conclusion should be drawn that the site is "polluted-free", "safe for the public". them" or "worker safety".Usually, there will be unfinished work such as sampling soil, water, air, food, etc., so that the risks are calculated more accurately.This takes time and requires expertise and advanced equipment.

Authorities will need to monitor and update the public with specific and accurate information as more scientific evidence becomes available.They can only confirm safety to the public when there is enough evidence to back it up.

At times of environmental crisis or disaster, the situation can be complicated and the public can be shocked and panic.Therefore, authorities need to plan and coordinate drills in advance to prepare and implement effective crisis responses.

It is not wise to issue hasty, inconsistent announcements on the grounds of insufficient data.It exacerbated anxiety and suspicion among the population.

Risk communication should be a top priority for any government, from the commune level to the top.If it is done properly, based on scientific evidence and with a sense of responsibility, it will help to keep the public informed and fully aware of the crisis, as well as the appropriate solutions.It will also reduce the number of infections, casualties and ultimately avoid wasting scarce resources.

If this does not happen, space will be created for rumors, resentment and distrust.

*Tran Thi Tuyet Hanh is an environmental health lecturer at Hanoi University of Public Health.Opinions expressed are her own.


Advertisement

Tin tức liên quan

A decisive legal victory over China
news 08/09/2021

A decisive legal victory over China's claims still poses challenges for Vietnam

news | 245382942

World awaits next move in maritime game of Chinese chess.

Advertisement
A decisive legal victory over China
news 08/09/2021

A decisive legal victory over China's claims still poses challenges for Vietnam

news | 245372941

World awaits next move in maritime game of Chinese chess.

 A cup that’s been foaming at the mouth for decades
travel 22/03/2021

A cup that’s been foaming at the mouth for decades

food | 65942956

A coffee with foam so thick it cannot be poured out has been going strong for years in Vinh Market.

Advertisement
 ​A Can Tho restaurant waxes nostalgic
travel-life 31/03/2021

​A Can Tho restaurant waxes nostalgic

travel-life | 172522961

Everything about a Can Tho restaurant’s decor harks back to a bygone era.

  Star midfielder reveals Vietnam
sports 01/09/2021

Star midfielder reveals Vietnam's plan ahead of Saudi Arabia game

football | 239582971

Nguyen Quang Hai said Vietnam will try to create scoring opportunities from set-piece situations in their World Cup qualifying clash with Saudi Arabia.

Advertisement
900 million in Asia had to pay bribes last year - survey
news 10/09/2021

900 million in Asia had to pay bribes last year - survey

news | 275572946

Bribery rates were highest in India and Vietnam while Japan and South Korea reported the lowest incidences.

 U.S.-backed fighters, mostly Kurds, advance against IS in north Syria
world 01/04/2021

U.S.-backed fighters, mostly Kurds, advance against IS in north Syria

world | 177852956

U.S.-backed Syrian fighters advanced against Islamic State in the last tract of territory the group holds near the Turkish border on Wednesday, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said.

Advertisement
9 times Vietnamese proved technology is overrated
travel-life 21/09/2021

9 times Vietnamese proved technology is overrated

travel-life | 330842940

While waiting for the Fourth Industrial Revolution to arrive, Vietnamese get creative.

 88 found abusing drugs in five-star hotel
news 28/03/2021

88 found abusing drugs in five-star hotel

news | 133412970

A pre-dawn police raid a bar inside a five-star hotel in southern Dong Nai Province found 88 customers aged between 18 and 30 using banned drugs.

Advertisement
 Veteran shooter champ grabs Olympic invitation slot
sports 15/06/2021

Veteran shooter champ grabs Olympic invitation slot

sports | 218622955

Marksman Hoang Xuan Vinh will be given an invitation slot to the Olympics this year.

Advertisement

Chủ đề liên quan

Advertisement
Advertisement

Tin được xem nhiều nhất

 Vietnam among hardest hit by cryptomining attacks: security bulletin
news 22/03/2021

Vietnam among hardest hit by cryptomining attacks: security bulletin

news | 38153439

Vietnam is among nations hardest hit by cryptomining attacks this year, says Moscow-based multinational cybersecurity firm Kaspersky Lab.

Advertisement
 Vietnam lifts rice export ban
business 17/03/2021

Vietnam lifts rice export ban

economy | 329753

Vietnam has lifted its ban on rice exports with immediate effect, allowing 400,000 tonnes to be shipped this month.

 Online ethnic minority comedies no laughing matter
life 18/03/2021

Online ethnic minority comedies no laughing matter

trend | 95929719

Many Vietnamese YouTube channels have produced comedy videos portraying ethnic minority life through distorted facts and smutty jokes, causing community backlash.

Advertisement
 Hanoi relives historic, liberating moment
news 17/03/2021

Hanoi relives historic, liberating moment

news | 80629702

An exhibition in Hanoi goes back 64 years, when the French troops officially withdrew from Vietnam.

 A winsome foursome presents a ‘Happy Vietnam’
news 17/03/2021

A winsome foursome presents a ‘Happy Vietnam’

news | 1229676

Viet, Nam, Hanh and Phuc whose first names combine to mean "Happy Vietnam" are healthy quadruplets growing in the southern province of Dong Thap.

Advertisement
 Coteccons begins new chapter, hopefully, after resolving feud with shareholders
business 17/03/2021

Coteccons begins new chapter, hopefully, after resolving feud with shareholders

companies | 90329676

Coteccons will replace two board members with nominees of two major shareholders with whom the management has had a running battle since 2017.

 Lo Lo Chai: where time stands still
travel 20/03/2021

Lo Lo Chai: where time stands still

travel | 16763130

Lo Lo Chai is a village in the northern province of Ha Giang that has no modern construction.

Advertisement
 Four teen boys probed for gang rape of drunk girl
news 21/03/2021

Four teen boys probed for gang rape of drunk girl

news | 35373127

Four teenage boys in northern Vinh Phuc Province are being investigated for allegedly raping a 15-year-old girl.

 Five Vietnamese men caught for smuggling Chinese
news 18/03/2021

Five Vietnamese men caught for smuggling Chinese

news | 96729554

Three men in southern Tay Ninh Province and two in northern Lao Cai Province have been arrested for helping Chinese nationals illegally enter Vietnam.

Advertisement
 Golden rice season in northern Vietnam village Nam Hong
travel 17/03/2021

Golden rice season in northern Vietnam village Nam Hong

places | 529548

When fall begins towards the end of September and start of October, Nam Hong Village in Ha Giang Province radiates the amber hue of autumn.

Advertisement

Link Tài Trợ - Sponsored Links

Công Thức Vật Lý
Advertisement
Loading…