Germany classifies its trash, recycles them and only allows burial of trash that cannot be reused, Jorg Ruger, an environment expert with the German embassy said.
From 50,000 landfills in 1972, the country only had 300 sites in 2016, and plans to abolish them all next year, he added.
Meanwhile, South Korea has succeeded in reducing its trash burial rate from 96 to 16 percent from 1982 to 2013 by issuing laws on "resource cycling," including levying high fees for trash burial to encourage the people to recycle more, said Kim In Hwan, South Korea’s former deputy environment minister.
The country also issued government-sanctioned trash bags that citizens had to pay for, Kim said. Businesses have to collect and recycle their own products, failing which they will be fined, he added.
South Korea does not encourage trash incineration for fear of air pollution, Kim said.
"Trash cannot be a resource if we continue to bury it," said Vo Tuan Nhan, Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment.
He said Vietnam should consider collecting fees from organizations and individuals based on the amount of trash they produce.
Vietnam is among the top four countries which produce the most plastic waste in the world, at 280,000 tons per year, according to a World Bank report. Over 70 percent this is buried, leading to loss of land area and pollution.
The country produces 25.5 million tons of waste per year, of which 75 percent is buried. Several burial sites in major cities like Hanoi, HCMC or Da Nang are overloaded and affecting citizens' lives.
Hanoi and HCMC, in particular, each spend VND1.2-1.5 trillion ($52-65 million) a year, or around 3.5 percent of their budget, on collecting and treating waste.
At a conference last month, Nguyen Thuong Hien, head of the Vietnam Environment Administration's waste management department, had said that there was no solid waste treatment model in the country that met all technical, economic, social, and environmental requirements.
Từ vựng liên quan
Tin tức liên quan
U.S. President Barack Obama on Saturday took aim at Democrats and Republicans alike in his final appearance headlining the star-studded White House correspondents' dinner, but saved his sharpest barbs for Republican presidential front-runner Donald Trump.
HCMC is shutting down all discos, bars, beer clubs, karaoke parlors, massage parlors, movie theaters and internet cafes from Sunday 6 p.m. onwards.
Two men, one Chinese and the other Japanese, were sentenced to a year and three months in prison each for attempting to bring four Vietnamese into Europe illegally.
The Ministry of Public Security has requested Hanoi authorities to temporarily suspend the share transfer of 762 companies related to property developer Van Thinh Phat which is allegedly involved in a fraud.
During peak sunshine hours, the streets have become too hot to handle.
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un oversaw the launch of two long-range strategic cruise missiles, state media reported on Thursday, calling it a test to confirm the reliability and operation of nuclear-capable weapons deployed to military units.
The 91-year-old Buddhist monk was in good spirits and is expected to visit his hometown Hue.